The Patriotic Temple of Ssangtapgaram built for the first time after Silla unified the three kingdoms as Historic Site No. 8. The Nokyusa Cheonwangsangjeon Hall (pictured by the Gyeongju National Museum) excavated from the temple site is known to be the work of Yangji, the best sculptor of Silla at the time.
Sacheonwangsa Temple Site is located at the southern foot of Nangsan Mountain, 115m high, in the southeast of Banwolseong Fortress, the palace of Silla. This Nangsan Mountain is dotted with relics from the Silla Dynasty, including the 27th Royal Tomb of Queen Seondeok of Silla, Hwangboksa Temple Site, which is famous for having a haircut by Uisang, and Neungji Pagoda, which is known as the crematorium of King Munmu of Silla.
Silla united with Tang to destroy Baekje and Goguryeo and unify the three kingdoms, but Tang, who showed his ambition to dominate the entire Korean Peninsula, sent 500,000 troops to attack Silla in the 14th year of King Munmu’s reign (674). It is said that the temple built by Silla at this time was Sacheonwangsa Temple, which was built by the Buddha’s force to withdraw the Tang army.
According to the creation of Sacheonwangsa Temple, which is recorded in the History of the Three Kingdoms, the Tang emperor attacked Silla several times, but failed to attack Silla, and imprisoning King Munmu’s brother Kim In-moon, who was in Tang at the time. Kim In-moon, who had already seen this, informed Ambassador Uisang, who was studying in the Tang Dynasty, and Uisang hurriedly returned home from the Tang Dynasty and conveyed his ambition to invade the Tang Dynasty to King Munmu of Silla. King Munmu learned the secret to defeat the Tang Dynasty by learning the secret method at Yonggung Palace and asked Myeongrang Buddhist monk, who has strong divine power.
Monk Myeongrang recommended the construction of Sacheonwangsa Temple in Sinyurim, south of Nangsan Mountain, but even before the construction of the temple began, there was an urgent news that Tang troops would invade. The Buddhist monk Myeongrang temporarily built a temple with five-colored dogs and prayed with the secret method of Munduru, and the Tang army couldn’t fight Silla and all the Tang ships sank. Five years later, when the temple was completed, it was named Sacheonwangsa Temple. Sacheonwangsa Temple was one of Silla’s seven representative patriots temples that defeated Tang troops by using So Won when Silla was in crisis.
The Garambatch of Sacheonwangsa Temple was a two-tower Garam of Geumdang, Dongtap and Seotap, which were developed after the unification of Silla, and to the north, only the stylobate and the cornerstone tell the old days.
Currently, the remains include the Sacheonwangsabi preserved in the National Museum of Korea, the Nokyusacheonwangsangjeon Hall of the Gyeongju National Museum, and the head of the stone monument where the tofu fell off at the entrance of the temple.
The 19th year of King Munmu of Unified Silla (Historic Site No. 8 : January 21, 1963)
Location: 935-2 Bae-dong, Gyeongju-si, Gyeongsangbuk-do
Registration date: 2006-03-26